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November 4, 2016

A Few Interesting Facts About Nitrogen

When you hear about nitrogen, it’s almost always the liquid form. People use it to freeze literally anything they can get their hands on. They take flowers, bananas, and other soft items and watch them freeze solid before their eyes. But liquid nitrogen is only one form of the gas, and it’s not the one that’s widely used in industrial settings.

Companies such as AirEnergy.com.au use the gas. And unbeknownst to most, nitrogen is perhaps one of the most useful gases for industrial applications. Medicine manufacturing makes heavy use of nitrogen. It’s also used for destroying harmful liquids and fumes while creating industrial tools. Other uses include oxidation, bleaching, and even rocket fuel. It’s basically one of the most useful and essential gases around.

Nitrogen As A Life Giver

You may think that what you breathe in is pure oxygen. It’s not. The earth’s atmosphere is 78 percent nitrogen, 21 percent oxygen, and 0.93 percent argon. Nitrogen is essential to life as it’s a component of all proteins, which are necessary for living organisms to survive. You don’t notice it because it’s odourless, colourless, and inert (it barely reacts with other substances).

If nitrogen didn’t comprise so much of the earth’s atmosphere, it would be very difficult for us. For instance, breathing in pure oxygen is dangerous. The human body can only transport and safely bind a small amount of oxygen via the blood. If there is an excess of oxygen, the blood will be overwhelmed and oxygen poisoning can occur.

Nitrogen As A Wonder Of Nature

The Aurora Borealis, aka the Northern Lights of the northern hemisphere, is partially caused by nitrogen gas. These lights are created when the sun emits gusts of charged particles, which eventually make their way to earth. The particles react with atoms in the atmosphere. The atoms get “excited,” which makes them emit particles of light or photons. Nitrogen and oxygen are what gives colour to the Aurora Borealis. Nitrogen produces blue or red colours, while oxygen produces green.

Nitrogen may seem unassuming to some, but its inherent attributes are anything but.